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Solanum paniculatum (Jurubeba ) Mother tincture 125ml

Solanum paniculatum (Jurubeba ) Mother tincture 125ml

Solanum paniculatum (Jurubeba ) Mother tincture 125ml

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Solanum paniculatum (Jurubeba ) Mother tincture 125ml

Solanum paniculatum (Jurubeba ) Mother tincture 125ml Solanum paniculatum (Jurubeba ) Mother tincture 125ml

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SOLANUM PANICULATUM

Jurubeba

Mother tincture

125ml

 

 

Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: paniculatum
Synonyms: None
Common Names: Jurubeba, jubeba, juribeba, juripeba, jupela, juripeba, juuna, juvena, jurubebinha, jurubeba-branca, jurubeba-verdadeira
Parts Used: Leaves, roots, fruit


From The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs:

JURUBEBA
HERBAL PROPERTIES AND ACTIONS
Main Actions Other Actions Standard Dosage
  • reduces acid
  • reduces inflammation
Leaves
  • prevents ulcers
  • decongests
Infusion: 1 cup 2-3
  • stimulates bile
  • increases urination
times daily
  • expels gas
  • reduces fever
Fluid extract: 3-4 ml 2-3
  • supports heart
  • clears obstructions
times daily
  • supports liver
  Capsules: 1-2 g 2-3 times daily
  • lowers blood pressure
   

 

Jurubeba is a small tree that grows up to 3 m high, with heart-shaped leaves that are smooth on top and fuzzy underneath. It produces a small, yellow fruit and lilac or white flowers. Both male and female jurubeba trees exist; the female grows slightly taller, has larger leaves, and bears fruit. The leaves and roots of both female and male specimens (as well as the fruit) are used interchangeably for medicinal purposes with equal effectiveness. Jurubeba is indigenous to Brazil as well as Paraguay and Argentina.

TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES

The indigenous uses of jurubeba are very poorly documented, but its uses in Brazilian herbal medicine have been described quite well. Jurubeba is listed as an official drug in the Brazilian Pharmacopoeia as a specific for anemia and liver disorders. Jurubeba has long been used for liver and digestive disorders. In 1965, Dr. G. L. Cruz wrote that ". . . the roots, leaves, and fruit are used as a tonic and decongestive. It stimulates the digestive functions and reduces the swelling of the liver and spleen. It is a good remedy against chronic hepatitis, intermittent fever, uterine tumors, and hydropsy." The leaves and roots are used in Brazilian medicine today as a tonic and for fevers, anemia, erysipelas, hepatitis, liver and spleen disorders, uterine tumors, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic gastritis, and other such digestive problems as sluggish digestion, bloating, and flatulence. Jurubeba leaf tea is a very common household remedy throughout Brazil for hangovers. Brazilians love to eat. . . a Brazilian hangover usually means relief is needed as much from indigestion and bloating from overeating as from too much alcohol. It is relied on there to speed the digestive process and promote gastric emptying for just that reason. It is also sometimes employed externally in poultices to heal wounds and ulcers.

 

PLANT CHEMICALS

 

 

Jurubeba's active constituents were first documented in the 1960s, when German researchers discovered novel plant steroids, saponins, glycosides, and alkaloids in the root, stem, and leaves. The alkaloids were found more abundantly in the root, although also present in the stem and leaves. Solanidine and solasodine were discovered in the leaves and fruit of jurubeba, which probably accounts for its liver-protective properties. The compound solanin, also found in the plant, has been documented in clinical research to possess analgesic activity (possibly through its ability to block pain impulses in the nervous system). The steroids and saponins were found in higher quantities in the root, while the leaves had the greatest amount of glycosides. The plant also has been found to contain a large proportion of bitter properties, which were thought to contribute to its ability to stimulate digestion. The main plant chemicals in jurubeba include: isojurubidin, isopaniculidin, jurubin, jurubidin, jurubilin, paniculin, paniculidin, paniculonin A, paniculonin B, painculogenin, solanin, solanidin, solasodine, and neochlorogenin.

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH

All of the clinical research on jurubeba has been done in Brazil - as the plant and its medicinal uses are not well known outside of Brazil. A recent (2002) study sought to validate the traditional use of the plant as a digestive aid. The root, stem, flower, leaf, and fruit of the plant were found to have anti-ulcer activity. A water extract of the root given orally to mice inhibited gastric acid secretion induced by stress and various chemical agents, as well as prevented gastric lesions from developing. Other extracts were found to inhibit gastric acid secretion in mice with the ulcer-causing bacteria H. pylori. In another study, rats with acetic acid-induced gastric ulcers were given a water extract of jurubeba. The extract also enabled acceleration of chronic gastric lesion healing. Researchers summarized, "Collectively, the results validate folk use of Solanum paniculatum plant to treat gastric disorders."

Animal studies with cats have indicated that water extracts and alchohol extracts of jurubeba lowered blood pressure, while only the water extract increased respiration. The plant also has been documented to have cardiotonic activity, as evidenced by a stimulant action to the heart in frogs. This positive effect on the heart may be due to the alkaloid solanidine, which has been documented to have this activity.

 

CURRENT PRACTICAL USES

 

 

While jurubeba is a very popular natural remedy, its use has been mostly confined to South America. The plant has demonstrated little toxicity: a recent study showed that a water extract of the flower, fruit, leaf, stem, or root (given orally to mice at 2 g/kg) had no toxicity. It is a great liver tonic and a wonderful remedy for many types of digestive disorders (especially for sluggish digestion), working quickly and efficiently, and is deserving of much more attention in the United States.



 

JURUBEBA PLANT SUMMARY
Main Preparation Method:infusion or fluid extract

Main Actions (in order):
gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), digestive stimulant, antiulcerous, carminative (expels gas)

Main Uses:

  1. to speed digestion and stimulate digestive function
  2. to provide relief from sour stomach, gas, bloating, and general dyspepsia
  3. for stomach ulcers
  4. to tone, balance, strengthen and protect the liver
  5. to tone, balance, and strengthen the heart
Properties/Actions Documented by Research:
analgesic (pain-reliever), antacid, antiulcerous, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), digestive stimulant, gastrototonic (tones, balances, strengthens the gastric tract), gastroprotective (protects the gastric tract), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypotensive (lowers blood pressure)

Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use:
anti-inflammatory, antilithic (prevents or eliminates kidney stones), antitumorous, aperient (mild laxative), bile stimulant (liver), blood cleanser, carminative (expels gas), decongestant, diuretic, febrifuge (reduces fever), nervine (balances/calms nerves), tonic (tones, balances, strengthens overall body functions)

Cautions: It might reduce fertility in men. It has a mild hypotensive (lowers blood pressure) and stimulant effect on the heart and should be used with caution if you have a heart condition.



Traditional Preparation: One cup of a standard leaf infusion, or 3-4 ml of a fluid extract is taken 1-3 times daily (with or just after meals). One to 2 g of powdered leaves in tablets or capsules (or stirred into water or juice) with meals can be substituted, if desired. See Traditional Herbal Remedies Preparation Methods page if necessary for definitions.

Contraindications:

  • The phytochemical solasodine has been documented to reduce sperm count and have an antifertility effect in male animals. While jurubeba itself has not been documented to have this action, males undergoing fertility treatment should probably avoid using this plant.
  • This plant has been documented to have mild hypotensive activity as well as a stimulating action on the heart. Those with cardiovascular disorders, hypotension, or those on blood-pressure-lowering medications should only use this plant under the care and direction of a qualified health care professional.
  • Herbalists in Brazil report that prolonged or chronic use of this plant may irritate the stomach lining in some individuals. Do not use chronically (daily) for longer than 30 days.

Drug Interactions: None known. May possibly potentiate hypotensive medications

 

 

WORLDWIDE ETHNOMEDICAL USES
Amazonia for alcohol excess, digestive problems, liver disorders, liver tonic, inflammation, spleen inflammation, uterine tumors, water retention
Brazil for abscesses (internal), anemia, anorexia, bile insufficiency, bladder problems, blood cleansing, bloating, boils, catarrh, congestion, contusions, constipation, convalescence, cystitis, debility, diabetes, digestive sluggishness, dyspepsia, edema, erysipelas, fever, flatulence, gallbladder inflammation, gastric disorders, hangover, headache, heartburn, hepatitis, hives, irritable bowel syndrome, itch, jaundice, liver problems, liver tonic, malaria, menstrual disorders, nausea, skin disorders, spleen inflammation, tumors (uterine/abdominal), ulcers (stomach/skin), water retention, wounds
U.S.A. for alcohol excess, digestive sluggishness, gastric disorders, inflammation, liver tonic, spleen inflammation, stomach ulcers, water retention

 

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